Background and Objectives of the Initiative:
In order to implement the Decision of the State Council on Further Strengthening Rural Education, the Ministry of Education initiated the "One-College-Student-for-One-Village" Initiative in February of 2004. Its aim is to extend higher education to rural areas through modern open and distance education, to cultivate "capable, retainable, and excellent" technical and management professionals who will become leaders for the development of the rural economy and agricultural production, for achieving rural prosperity through using science and technology, for the development of advanced rural culture, for providing qualified personnel for the construction of new rural communities, for increasing farmers' income, and for promoting the overall social and economic development in the rural areas.
The Open University of China (OUC) holds the responsibility to implement the project, through modern open and distance education, while relying on the national OUs system with teaching resources from nationwide relevant universities and colleges.
Target Group of the Initiative:
The "One-College-Student-for-One-Village" Initiative (MOE) mainly enrolls young people in the rural areas with senior high school diploma or the equivalent education. Other people are also encouraged to participate, including military veterans, model households for applying agricultural science and technology, rural administrators, leaders of township or leading enterprises, and role models for achieving prosperity through science and technology. Graduates from junior high schools are also allowed to register for the courses.
In curriculum, due attention is paid to setting up specialities especially needed for rural development. Sixteen programmes in four disciplines are established for this purpose. Seven programmes are in the agricultural technology category: Technology of Industrialized Agriculture, Seed Production & Operation, Horticultural Techniques, Crop Production Techniques, Tea Production & Processing Techniques, Cultivation Techniques of Chinese Herbal Medicine, and Cultivation Techniques of Tobacco. Two programmes are in the forestry technology category: Forestry Technology, and Landscape Gardening Techniques. Three programmes are in the animal husbandry and veterinary sciences: Special Animal Breeding, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Sciences, and Animal Husbandry. Four programmes are in the management of agriculture and forestry category: Rural Administrative Management, Rural Economic Management, Management of Township Enterprises, and Rural Information Management. These programmes are established with due importance paid to both the rural professional needs and the disciplinary features, reflecting the Initiative's features of higher vocational education.
A tailor-made teaching platform is established for the initiative in line with the open course philosophy. The course platform consists of nearly one hundred courses in the planting, cultivation, and management disciplines as the foundation of discipline construction. The courses are offered emphasizing the combination of non-degree education and practical technology education. The courses are managed in line with the course credit system.
Scale of the Initiative:
Mode of Teaching: